A report by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) released in April 2014 revealed that in 2012 Indians accounted for more than one-third of workers with a temporary visa in the United States.
Indians constituted the largest resident non-immigrants in the U.S, a category that excludes tourists, business travelers and permanent residents. The report defines the term resident non-immigrants as “foreign nationals who are legally admitted into the United States for specific, temporary purposes and whose classes of admission are associated with residency (e.g. students and temporary workers) as opposed to tourists and business travellers.”
Share of Indian Resident Non-Immigrant Temp Workers
Source: U.S. DHS
Of the 1.87 million non-immigrant residents in the U.S. in 2012, India accounted for the largest share with 430,000 residents. This was followed by China and South Korea with 210,000 and 140,000 residents respectively. The largest admission categories for all non-immigrant residents were temporary workers at 45 percent and students at 38 percent.
Of the 840,000 resident non-immigrant temporary workers, 38 percent were from India. Mexico, which accounts for the largest number of illegal migratory workers in the U.S. had only 100,000 resident non-immigrants.
Among the nearly 720,000 foreign students registered with the DHS, nearly 50 percent were Chinese citizens, and approximately 14 percent were from India.
Looking at it from another perspective, of the 430,000 resident non-immigrant Indians, 74 percent were temporary workers, and 23 percent were students, with the remaining 3 percent entering as exchange visitors or diplomats and representatives.
The Department of Homeland Security says that half of the resident non-immigrants were citizens of Asian countries. Europe and North America comprised 26 percent, led by Canada at 6 percent and Mexico at 5 percent.
Resident Non-Immigrant Population by Country of Citizenship and Category
Source: U.S. Department of Homeland Security
About 38 percent of the resident non-immigrant population was under the age of 25, and another 710,000 were in the 25-34 age group.
Resident Non-Immigrant Population by Age
Leading Destination States
California was the leading destination state for resident non-immigrants with 15 percent of the total 1.9 million non-immigrants. The top five destination states accounted for 44 percent of the total.
Leading Destination States for Resident Non-Immigrants
Indian-Americans are 3rd Largest Asian Population in the U.S.
A report by the Center for American Progress says that Indian-Americans, at a population of 3.34 million, comprise the third largest Asian community in the United States. From 2000 to 2012, the Indian-American population grew by 76 percent.
Chinese-Americans form the largest group of Asian-American population with 4.1 million, followed by Filipinos-Americans at 3.59 million.
The study also revealed that Indians lead when it comes to education with 39 percent of Indian-Americans earning post-graduate degrees. India is also ranked among the highest in terms of its immigrants becoming naturalized U.S. citizens. According to the report, 72 percent of the Indian-origin population in the U.S. is foreign born, and 33 percent arrived in the U.S. in the last 10 years.
The largest concentration of Indian-Americans is found in California (19 percent), New York (12 percent), and New Jersey (10 percent). The fastest-growing states for Asian Americans are Nevada, Arizona, North Dakota, North Carolina, and Georgia, where populations have more than doubled in the past decade.
"Indeed, we might even see new forms of detailed origin identification. For example, it is possible that, as these South Asian populations grow and settle longer in the United States, we might see a new consolidated subgrouping of South Asians that is used fairly commonly among second-generation immigrants on many college campuses and increasingly among social service organizations" ~ State of Asian Americans And Pacific Islanders, Center for American Progress