AT A GLANCE

  • U.S. national health expenditures have grown every year and in 2011 reached 17.9% of the country’s GDP
  • Ambulatory services, a major category of the healthcare industry, employed 44% of healthcare workers in 2011
  • U.S. health care spending grew 3.9 percent in 2011, reaching $2.7 trillion or $8,680 per person

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March 01, 2013

Health Care Staffing

U.S. national health expenditures (adjusted for inflation) have grown every year for the last several decades, and in 2011 reached 17.9% of the nation’s gross domestic product.

In 2011, the three major categories of the healthcare industry - ambulatory services, hospitals, and nursing/residential care - employed 44%, 34%, and 23% of workers in the healthcare industry respectively.

Health Care Staffing

Skill shortages are already severe in specific occupations. High in demand resumes belong to those in the fields of radiation, recreational, and occupational therapists, and also physicians, veterinarians, and dentists. The unemployment rate for all of these occupations was below 1.0% in 2011, a year in which the overall unemployment was above 8.0%.

Healthcare staffing buyers tend to use temporary labor reluctantly, typically only when they can’t find a permanent worker.

Health Care Staffing

U.S. health care spending grew 3.9 percent in 2011, reaching $2.7 trillion or $8,680 per person.

National Health Expenditure (NHE) Fact Sheet

National Health Expenditure (NHE) Fact Sheet

Projected NHE, 2011-2021:

  • NHE is estimated to have grown 3.9 percent in 2011 and projected to grow an average of 5.7 percent per year over the projection period (2011-2021).
  • The health share of GDP is estimated to have reached 17.9 percent in 2011 and projected to grow to 19.6 percent by 2021.
  • Medicare spending is estimated to have grown 6.3% in 2011 and projected to grow an average of 6.1% per year over the projection period.
  • Medicaid spending is estimated to have grown 6.8% in 2011 and projected to grow an average of 8.2% per year over the projection period.
  • Private spending is estimated to have grown 1.8% in 2011 and projected to grow an average of 5.3% per year over the projection period.
  • Spending on hospital services is estimated to have grown 4.3% in 2011, reaching $849 billion. Spending is projected to grow an average of 5.7% per year over the projection period.
  • Spending on physician and clinical services is estimated to have grown 2.7% in 2011, reaching $529 billion. Spending is projected to grow an average of 5.4% per year over the projection period.
  • Spending on prescription drugs is estimated to have grown 3.9% in 2009 to $269 billion. Spending is projected to grow an average of 5.8% per year over the projection period.
  • By 2021, federal, state, and local government health care spending is projected to be nearly 50 percent of national health expenditures, up from 46 percent in 2011, with federal spending accounting for about two-thirds of the total government share.

SOURCE:  Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, Office of the Actuary, National Health Statistics Group;  U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis; and U.S. Bureau of the Census.

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